Ichthyofauna in an ecological station in the Pantanal of Brazil: the hydrological cycle affecting species compositionAcrónimo: MCNB-Pains-Silva-et-al-2020
This research aims to describe the ichthyological fauna in the area surrounding the Taiamã Ecological Station in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Three expeditions were carried out, in September 2014, February 2015 and May/2015, in seasons ranging from the hydrological conditions of high waters (flood), low waters (drought), and decreasing waters (ebbing). During the research we sampled 3,664 individuals from six orders, 28 families and 78 species. Characiformes was the most abundant order (̴ 81 % of individuals), followed by Siluriformes (̴ 13 % of individuals), and Gymnotiformes (̴ 4 % of individuals). The most representative species were Moenkhausia dichroura (Kner, 1858), Serrapinus calliurus (Boulenger, 1900), Odontostilbe pequira (Steindachner, 1882) and Pimelodella gracilis (Valenciennes, 1840). The dry period showed the highest abundance (1541 individuals), richness (61 species), diversity (H’ = 2.69) and equitability (J’ = 0.65). These results fill a gap concerning species composition in the Pantanal, mainly referring to data available on Conservation Unit, and its surroundings. Moreover, this research provides a database to update the checklist of fish species in a remote wetland, offering a tool for management and conservation.
The Taiamã Ecological Station (TES) is located in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso (between W 57o 24' and W 45° 40'; and S 16° 48' and S 16° 58'; fig. 1), 165 km t from the municipality of Cáceres. The TES covers an area of 11,550 ha, comprising the islands of Taiamã and Sararé, and limited by a bifurcation of the Paraguay River
Calidad de los datos
Fish were identified following Britski et al. (2007) and manuscripts of species description. Specimens were then conserved in 70 % alcohol (and deposited in the Laboratory of Ichthyology of the Northern Pantanal – LIPAN, linked to the Research Centre in Limnology, Biodiversity and Ethnobiology of the Pantanal – CELBE/UNEMAT. Abundance, richness (Taxa S), diversity (Shaanon's index, H’) and equitability (Pielou, J’) were calculated for each season with PAST 3.0 free software (Hammer et al., 2001).
Fish samples were collected at three different points surrounding the TES. Fish capture were captured using a square metallic structure (1 m width x 2 m length x 1 m depth) with a 3 mm nylon net that was passed underneath the macrophyte beds three times. Netting of several mesh sizes and a dragging net (5 mm internode, 25 m length and 4 m high) were also passed once in the limnetic region of the water body. After the samples were collected, the fish were anesthetized with Eugenol (Keene et al., 1998; Fernandes et al., 2017) and fixed in formalin (concentration of 10 %) until identification.
Tipo de contenido
Includes: point occurrence data.
Pains da Silva, H., Barbosa, A. P. D., Silva, L. N. L., Oliveira Jr, E. S., Corrêa, F., Kantek, D. L. Z., Muniz, C. C., 2020. Ichthyofauna in an ecological station in the Pantanal of Brazil: the hydrological cycle affecting species composition. Dataset/Occurrence
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