Sinfonevada: Dataset of Floristic diversity in Sierra Nevada forest (SE Spain)
Observatorio de seguimiento de los efectos del cambio global de Sierra Nevada. Centro Andaluz de Medio Ambiente, Universidad de Granada, Junta de Andalucía.
The Sinfonevada database is a forest inventory that contains information on the forest ecosystem in Sierra Nevada mountains (SE Spain). The Sinfonevada dataset contains more than 7,500 occurrence records belonging to 270 taxa (15 of them are threatened) from floristic inventories of the Sinfonevada Forest inventory. Expert field workers collected the information. The whole dataset suffered a quality control executed by botanists with wide expertise in Sierra Nevada flora. This floristic inventory was created to gather information useful to properly manage Pinus plantations in Sierra Nevada. This is the only dataset that shows a comprehensive view of the forest flora in Sierra Nevada. This is the reason why it is being used to assess biodiversity in the very dense pine plantations existing in Sierra Nevada. Thanks to this dataset, managers have improved their ability to decide where execute forest treatments avoiding biodiversity loss. The dataset is integrated in the Sierra Nevada Global Change Observatory (OBSNEV), a long-term research project designed to compile socio-ecological information on the major ecosystem types in order to identify the impacts of global change in this area.
Sierra Nevada (Andalusia, SE Spain), is a mountainous region with an altitudinal range between 860 m and 3482 m a.s.l. covering more than 2000 km2 . The climate is Mediterranean, characterized by cold winters and hot summers, with pronounced summer drought (July-August). The annual average temperature decreases in altitude from 12-16ºC below 1500 m to 0ºC above 3000 m a.s.l., and the annual average precipitation is about 600 mm. Additionally, the complex orography of the mountains causes strong climatic contrasts between the sunny, dry south-facing slopes and the shaded, wetter north-facing slopes. Annual precipitation ranges from less than 250 mm in the lowest parts of the mountain range to more than 700 mm in the summit areas. Winter precipitation is mainly in the form of snow above 2000 m of altitude. The Sierra Nevada mountain range hosts a high number of endemic plant species (c. 80; Lorite et al. 2007) for a total of 2,100 species of vascular plants (25% and 20% of Spanish and European flora, respectively), being considered one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the Mediterranean region (Blanca et al. 1998).
This mountain range has several legal protections: Biosphere Reserve MAB Committee UNESCO; Special Protection Area and Site of Community Importance (Natura 2000 network); and National Park. The area includes 61 municipalities with more than 90,000 inhabitants. The main economic activities are agriculture, tourism, cattle raising, beekeeping, mining, and skiing (Bonet el al. 2010).
The SINFONEVADA forest inventory was conducted in the main forests of Sierra Nevada mountainous region (Figure 1) (for a description of Sierra Nevada see study area of the Project section). The main forest units of Sierra Nevada (Figure 5) are pine plantations (Pinus halepensis Mill., Pinus pinaster Ait., Pinus nigra Arnold subsp. salzmannii (Dunal) Franco, and Pinus sylvestris L.), evergreen holm oak Quercus ilex subsp. ballota (Desf.) Samp forests, deciduous broadleaf forests (Quercus pyrenaica Willd, Acer opalus subsp. granatense (Boiss.) Font Quer & Rothm., Sorbus aria (L.) Crantz), and autochthonous pine Pinus sylvestris L. var. nevadensis Christ forests.
Prior to the store this information in the database, all the data were assessed by a quality control process. Each sampling plot was checked to ensure whether the geographical coordinates were correct. We used the databases of International Plant Names Index (IPNI, 2013) and Catalogue of Life/Species 2000 (Roskov et al 2013) to verify the taxonomical classification. The taxonomic identification of the specimens was done using Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al. 1986-2005) for the published families and, for the rest of taxa, we used Valdés et al. (1987) and Tutin et al. (1964-1980).
The SINFONEVADA Darwin Core Archive is a custom made SQL view of the original SINFONEVADA database obtained from a Forest Inventory. This information is stored within Information System of Sierra Nevada Global Change Observatory. The view shows occurrence data collected in the floristic inventories associate with the forest inventory. We only included records that are accepted for publication.
Type of content
Includes: point occurrence data.
iEcolab, University of Granada-Andalusian Environmental Center (2013) Sinfonevada: Dataset of floristic diversity in forest of Sierra Nevada, Spain. 7920 data records. Contributed by TRAGSA, University of Granada, OBSNEV, Pérez-Luque AJ, Pérez-Pérez R, Bonet FJ, Aspizua R, Lorite J, Zamora R. Online at http://www.gbif.es:8080/ipt/resource.do?r=sinfonevada and http://obsnev.es/noticia.html?id=5307, version 1.0 (last updated on 2013-08-01). Resource ID: GBIF Key: http://www.gbif.org/dataset/db6cd9d7-7be5-4cd0-8b3c-fb6dd7446472
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